Photography as a profession or a hobby is an incredibly expensive thing that covers a vast range of subjects from science to arts. There is always learning in professional photography.
To provide you some valuable and verifiable information in one place, here is a set of guidelines that is intended to help the photographers immediately improve their professional photography store of knowledge.
High dynamic range photography
This effect is used by most of the photographers because it allows a great range of values between light and dark. Within such professional photography, there is an overlapping of the shots with the same subject in three exposure brackets (under-exposed one, normal and over-exposed). In this case, Photoshop also works fine.
This technique includes breaking of glass, blowing balloons, etc. and it reveals certain structures that aren’t seen with the naked eye. This is basically a technique to capture events of high speed. Shutter speeds for high-speed photography are much faster, as fast as 1/8000th of a second, only then the photographer starts to take the advantage of freezing the moment and eliminating the motion blur at the same time.
This technique consists in producing subjectively pleasing blur and out of focus areas by playing with the focus. This effect usually happens to the part that lies outside the depth of field. Bokeh is most often visible when taking a close up picture of a subject with nice clear lighting and it works best around small background highlights.
Soft focus photography
This effect is produced with a special lens that produces soft lines in a slightly blurred image that retains sharp edges. This style being a dreamy one is used in many wedding photography. There are some settings in the modern cameras that let you create soft focus effects.
It is the art of capturing the infra-red light that is now made possible with the digital camera. A colored IR filter is needed to buy that best suits the camera. Simply place an IR filter in front of the lens, the camera adjusts itself to accommodate IR wavelength blocking the visible light. This technique works best with a bright overhead sun for maximum IR reflection since it is hard to see anything when using an IR filter camera.
While using this fisheye lens, photographers can produce some very interesting and intriguing results with a highly unusual perspective. Such a wide angle allows you to pack the whole scene in one small picture. Now, it is highly used to record half a sphere with an artistic and humorous effect.
This technique can go with any high-end costly equipment to get beautiful results. The pinhole camera is actually a camera with no lens and a single small aperture. To use a pinhole effect, it is possible to use DSLR with some modifications. In this case, you don’t have to worry about the distortions because no lens is involved here.